The World Congress of Nephrology (WCN) is the leading biennial educational event in international nephrology and was held in Hong Kong from May 31–June 4 2013. Malaysia was well represented at WCN this year with around 20 scientific abstracts being presented.
These contributions spanned multiple research categories, including:
- Clinical nephrology (4)
- Secondary glomerular disease (3)
- Epidemiology, outcomes and health service research in CKD (2)
- Diabetes mellitus (clinical) (2)
- Peritoneal dialysis (2)
- Hypertension – clinical and experimental models, renal haemodynamics and vascular physiology (2)
One poster by Liu and colleagues, presented in the Clinical nephrology category, described the first large-scale study examining the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms among dialysis patients. The Short Form of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Score (DASS21) was used to assess these three domains and a comparison between those undergoing haemodialysis (HD; n=793) and peritoneal dialysis (PD; n=539) was performed.1
Results showed that:1
- 80% of patients experienced one or more symptoms as measured by DASS21
- 36% had abnormal (mild to extremely severe) DASS21 scores of depression
- 47% had abnormal (mild to extremely severe) DASS21 scores of anxiety
- 22% had abnormal (mild to extremely severe) DASS21 scores of stress
- Both HD and PD patients had similar DASS21 scores distribution in the three domains.
The authors concluded that as 80% of patients experienced one or more symptoms as measured by DASS21, proper psychological evaluation will likely be beneficial in patients undergoing dialysis to ascertain cases where psychiatric counseling or treatment is required.1
- Liu WJ, Musa R, Chew TF et al. Psychological profile of dialysis patients in Malaysia: a multicenter study. Presented at the: World Congress of Nephrology (WCN). Hong Kong, May 31–June 4 2013: Abstract MO093.